Son Gokû (孫そん悟ご空くう, Son Gokū), is the main protagonist of Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Super mangas, and their animated adaptations, Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z than the animated suite of the first two series, Dragon Ball GT. He is the adopted grandson of Son Gohan (grandfather), the husband of Chichi, the son-in-law of Gyumaô, the father of Son Gohan and his Goten, the little brother of Raditz, the son of Bardock and Gine, Videl’s father-in-law, Mr. Satan’s brother-in-law, and Pan’s grandfather, for the original story. Later, in Dragon Ball GT, he becomes the great-great-grandfather of Son Goku Jr ..
His name, Son Goku is directly taken from the Japanese transcription of Sun Wukong (孫悟空, Sūn Wùkōng), the hero of the classic novel of Chinese literature The Peregrination to the West (き / 西 い い ゆ ゆ う 記 き, Xīyóujì / Saiyūki), dating from the 16th century, very popular in Japan. Akira Toriyama keeps several elements including the Nyoi-bô, the tail of monkey, or the Kinto’un. It means in Chinese “Grandson of the monkey (s) of the heavens”.
His name Saiyan is Kakarot (カ カ ロ ッ ト, Kakarotto), a derivative of carrot (キ ャ ロ ッ ト, kyarotto), which means “carrot” in English. Like all other Saiyans, it is named after a vegetable.
His Goku throughout the Dragon Ball series. (Small, teen, adult in Super Saiyan, then Super Saiyan 3.
He has spiky black hair that never changes throughout the story, because the hair of the Saiyans do not grow. He has a tail due to his Saiyan origin, but was cut by Pu-erh when he was in Oozaru against Pilaf. She pushes back during the 21st Tenka Ichi Budōkai Saga against Guilan, before being snatched by her Gohan (grandfather) during the Saga of Baba the seer. She will push once more before the Saga of the 22nd Tenka Ichi Budokai, before being definitively withdrawn before the Saga of the 23rd Tenka Ichi Budokai. His tail returns to Dragon Ball GT, when he gets rejuvenated, and so allows him to transform into golden Oozaru, then Super Saiyan 4.
He is most often seen wearing the turtle holding, gi yellow-orange, with blue wrists and black belt. The symbol on his outfit differs from the symbol of the turtle during his training with Kamé Sennin: “亀”, kame, to the symbol of God that he had after his training with God: “神”, kami, to the symbol he after his training with Master Kaio: “界”, kai and “王”, O, superimposed, then an additional symbol, the symbol “悟”, go, present in his name, which he wears during the Sagas Namek, Freezer , Battle of Gods, Trunks (Future), and Survival of the Universe. After the Saga of Piccolo Daimao, and the signature of Whis during the Freezer Resurrection Saga. He adds a blue sub, changes his belt to blue, and now has blue and red boots with a lace. During the Sagas of the 7 Dragon Balls, Artificial Humans, Cell, Majin Boo, no symbol appears.
At times, Goku was seen wearing different clothes, like a gray tuxedo and a tie in Movie 08: Dragon Ball Z – Burns !! Bloody fight, fiery fight, great decisive fight !! In the last nine days before the Cell Game, he wears sportswear including a long-sleeved orange and black jacket, with the number “59” (which reads “go-ku” in Japanese), a white undershirt , lime green pants, and brown boots.
At the end of the original story, and in Dragon Ball GT, Gokû wears a blue gi with ocher pants. He also has a white scarf that goes above his waist and pink sports cuffs. He wears black shoes with white shingles. In Super Saiyan 4, he loses his top of gi, and his bracelets as well as cover shins turn blue.